Chapter 1 Essays

Satisfactory Essays
Chapter 1: Mesopotamia
1. In the Neolithic era, about 8000 B.C., a new civilization and culture developed. The reason for this development was the change to hunting and gathering to cultivation of agriculture that permitted man to settle down permanently ending nomadic existence.

2. The Sumerians invented the first written language called Cuneiform.

3. Polytheistic Religion is the belief in many Gods.

4. Epic of Gilgamesh was the first literary story with a protagonist with a name and personality, and earliest written record of the discovery of death

5. One of the first established codes of law was the Hammurabi.

6. Why was the Hammurabi’s Code of law so significant? Explain in your own words.
It gave society rules
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6. Art styles in ancient Egypt remained constant for over 2,000 years!

7. Write why you think ancient Egypt was “the gift of the Nile River” and why you think ancient Egypt had very little contact with surrounding civilization for many centuries.
I believe ancient Egypt was “the gift of the Nile River” because of its location in the Sahara desert, and because of its dry location. The river provided water and soil which irrigated the Nile Delta. All farmers knew when it would flood, and prepare their fields. Ancient Egypt had very little contact with surrounding civilization for many centuries because of isolation. This kept foreign ideas and influences from disrupting their cultural balance and they were free of foreign invasion through most of their history.

8. Write a paragraph explaining how the cultural epoch theory explains the stability of Egyptian culture for over 2,000 years. What differences do you notice (in your opinion) between Egypt and the Mesopotamian civilizations of Chapter 1?
Stability for the Egyptians was well kept for over 2,000 years due to the fact of how it was founded. It made societies life enjoyable, and worth living. Cultural Epoch Theory in Egypt was homogenous, which was great for all. In my opinion, the difference between Egypt and Mesopotamian civilization is that they were completely opposite. Mesopotamian’s society was not enjoyable, it was a hard life they lived, and was not welcoming.
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