Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Problem Since 1791, the federal government has played a

2700 WordsApr 23, 201911 Pages
Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Problem Since 1791, the federal government has played a role in education. The US Constitution 10th Amendment states, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” College land grants, vocational training, the establishment of the Office of Education, agricultural training, industrial arts and home economics training for high school students are a few of the government sponsored initiatives since the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries (Jefferson-Jenkins & Hawkins-Hill, 2011). “World War II led to a series of federal bills and economic support for schools. After the war, the…show more content…
In 1980, Congress established the Department of Education as a Cabinet level position. In 1983, the publication of A Nation At Risk brought the competitive nature of education to the forefront, warning that the United States no longer held the education edge when compared to the rest of the world (Jefferson-Jenkins & Hawkins-Hill, 2011). During the 1990s the National Education Goals Panel created a national assessment system to measure progress toward the national education goals for 2000. Congress passed a bill to create a national council for educational standards and testing, the purpose was to study the feasibility and desirability of creating national standards and a national examination system for students. Near the end of the decade educational achievement focused upon the Goals 2000 competitive grants (Jefferson-Jenkins & Hawkins-Hill, 2011). At the onset of the new millennium, congress enacted No Child Left Behind (NCLB), in an effort to set standards and impact change at the school level. As defined in a government publication: No Child Left Behind: A Desktop Reference (2002) the act is characterized as, “…a landmark in education reform designed to improve student achievement and change the culture of America’s schools” (p.9). Currently, The Race to the Top Executive Summary (2009)
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