Chapter 2 : The Constitution

Decent Essays
Marina Schlosser
Mrs. Markussen
September 18th 2015
Chapter 2: The Constitution
1) “A list for domination is more or less natural to all parties. Men will seek power because they are ambitious, greedy, and easily corrupted” (as said by John Adams). The liberties at which were fought to protect were about the higher law and the natural rights given by God. Therefore the essential rights to life, liberty, and the property (though property would be changed to the pursuit of happiness).
2) Each state retained its sovereignty and independence regardless of size had one vote in congress and the delegates who cast were picked and paid for by the state legislatures. There was no national judicial system to settle these issues and claims
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Franklin was there as an advisor, as he was one of the most influential minds in the country. The Framers were suspicious of democracy because they weren’t if it would surpass the popular vote to gain liberty. The problem for the framers was to create a strong government to preserve order while preserving liberty.
6) The Virginia Plan was the proposal to create a strong national government and which had a bicameral legislature. The New Jersey Plan was a proposal to create a weak national government and had a unicameral legislature. The Great Compromise was a plan to have a house elected based on state population and a state selected Senate with new members for each state.
7) Some of the people wanted the Supreme Court to be chosen by the Senate, while others wanted the president to pick the Supreme Court. The compromise was instead that the president would pick the court and the Senate would confirm or deny it.
8) A pure democracy is where the people rule directly whereas the Republic was a government in which elected representatives make the decisions. The compromise was that people voted for the representatives, state legislators chose the senate members, and the electors chose president.
9) Judicial Review is the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
10) The two major principles of American representative democracy are separation of powers and federalism. Separation of powers is how the responsibilities of the
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