Chapter 2 Thesis Example

1779 Words Mar 5th, 2013 8 Pages
Chapter 2
Literature Review This chapter presents a brief history regarding social responsibility. Moreover, the nature of corporate and small business social responsibility will be discussed, as well as the advantages and disadvantages behind socially responsible activities.
Brief History Corporate social responsibility is primarily a twentieth-century invention, though its ancient and venerable roots can be traced easily to Biblical sources. The concept is evident, for example, in Deuteronomy 24:10-13 and 25:13-16. The twentieth century has seen an unprecedented growth in the size, importance, and power of the corporation. Moreover, corporations have proven to be extremely efficient at producing goods and
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Small Business Social Responsibility Contrary to corporations and other big businesses, small and medium-sized businesses, non-national businesses and businesses such as department stores may not receive as much critical scrutiny because they are not as highly visible, do not manufacture dangerous products, or emit large volumes of pollutants. Nevertheless, it stands that many of the same problems that exist for large businesses also exist for the small and medium-sized businesses. Large companies, with large planning, policy, and strategy staffs, may be in a better position to make the doing good to doing better concept work. On the other hand, medium-sized and smaller companies with limited resources may have serious problems in applying this concept of social responsibility. Nevertheless, small business may still and are encouraged to engage in socially responsible activities. These social activities: include charitable contributions, discounts to senior citizens, expenditures on employee alcoholism and substance abuse treatment, responses to customer complaints, product warranties, processes for exchanging purchases, community service in volunteer or governance capacities, employee education, child care or flexible hours for employees with children, advertising or promoting community events, sponsoring sports teams, recycling, special services to the handicapped, and so forth (Smith; Thompson; 1991). Little

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