Chapter 3: Product Design and Process Selection

1357 Words Aug 31st, 2012 6 Pages
Chapter 3: Product Design and Process Selection

Answers to Assigned Discussion Questions in Textbook

1. Define product design and explain its relationship to business strategy.

Product design is the process of determining all the features and characteristics of a product or service. The design of the product or service must match the business strategy in order for the company to be successful. For example, if we create a product with numerous features, it would probably be more expensive to produce. This would not help us if our goal is to provide a low cost product.

2. What are the differences between product and service design?

Recall that the key differences between manufacturing and service is the fact that
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Vertical integration is more effective for continuous operations in which the number of input materials is small. Fine (1998) points out that successful companies move back and forth between being vertically integrated and not in order to remain competitive over longer periods of time.

9. What is a process flowchart and what is it used for?

A process flowchart is a diagram that shows all of the process steps for producing a product or service. It is useful in analyzing the process flows in order to make improvements. For example, we can identify potential problem areas and decide how to prevent the problem from occurring.

10. Give some examples of automation. How has automation changed the production process?

Automation is the use of machines that can perform work without assistance from a human worker. Examples of automation are automated material handling, computer-aided design (CAD), flexible manufacturing systems (FMS), robotics and computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). Automation has enabled production to be more consistent in terms of quality and to efficiently produce larger volumes of product.

11. Discuss the benefits of computer-aided design (CAD).

The benefits of CAD are increased speed and flexibility in the design process, improved ability to share designs since they are electronic files, and the ability to easily archive designs and compare designs.

12. What is meant by
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