Chapter 30 Ap Euro Outline Essay

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Chapter 30: The West at the Dawn of the 21st Century~.
The 20th century movement of people:
The Soviet communists’ forced removal of the Russian peasants and the Nazi’s deportations and execution of European Jews were only the most dramatic examples of this development.
Many moved from the countryside to the cities.
Other vast forced movements due to the government caused millions of Germans Hungarians, Poles, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Serbs, Finns, Chechens, Armenians, Greeks, Turks, Balts, and Bosnian Muslims to be displaced.
This forced displacement transformed parts of Europe.
Displacement through War:
WWII created a huge refugee problem.
An estimated 46 million people were displaced
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Toward the Welfare State Society:
During the Cold war era, the nations of Western Europe achieved economic prosperity and maintained independent, liberal democratic governments.
The end of WWII saw vast constitutional changes in much of Western Europe.
The construction of stable, liberal, democratic political frameworks became a major goal of their postwar political leaders, as well as of the U.S.
The Great Depression had shown that democracy requires a social and economic base, as well as a political structure.
Most Europeans came to believe that governments ought to ensure economic prosperity and social security.

Christian Democratic Parties:
Except for the British Labor Party, the vehicles of the new postwar policies were not, as might have been expected, the democratic socialist parties.
Outside Scandinavia, those parties generally did not prosper after the onset of the Cold war, they were oppressed by communists and conservatives.
Rather, various Christian democratic parties introduced the new policies. -------------------
The postwar C.D Ps of Germany, France, Austria and Italy were progressive and welcomed non-Catholic members.
Democracy, social reform, economic growth, and anticommunism were their hallmark.
The events of war years largely determined the political leadership of the postwar decade.
After 1947, however, in a policy that U.S naturally favored, communists were systematically excluded from
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