Chapter 4 & 5 Study Guide Essay

1225 WordsSep 28, 20145 Pages
Chapter 4 Study Guide 1. What are the two main functions of the sympathetic nervous system? (A) Activating system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations – fight/flight (B) Regulates strong emotional reactions 2. What are the two main functions of the parasympathetic NS? “Rest and Digest,” Calming system that conserves energy. 3. How do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems work together (what are some images and metaphors used to describe them)? As one is more active, the other is less active. Imagers are of two rheostats with sliding controls that allow you to turn a light up and down gradually rather than on and off. Examples include sexual arousal and nausea. Common analogy gas pedal…show more content…
20. What are the different ways in which the immune system becomes dysfunctional? Initial response to stress activates immune systems; prolonged stress weakens the immune system making you more susceptible to getting sick. 21. What are the main factors contributing to the emergence of cancers? Poor diet, no exercise, smoking, 22. What has research revealed about the relationship between “emotional” personalities and heart disease? Frequent intense but inhibited bouts of anger lead to an increase in frequency of transient myocardial ischemia (brief period of inadequate blood flow to the heart-painless, but seen as a precursor to heart attack) 23. What are some variables related to better health that are also related to emotions? Healthy social network/ support, exercise, good diet, sleep, 24. What areas of emotion appear to be associated with parasympathetic NS activity? Possibly associated with positive emotions (contentment, affection/attachment, social engagement) Chapter 5 Study Guide 1. What three areas of the brain are designated in the “triune brain model”? Reptilian (sensory, survival, and reflex action), Mammalian-limbic (emotion), and Neocortex (complex cognition and reasoning). 2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the following measures to examine emotions in the brain? a. Lesion method: disadvantages-no control over location of lesion, brain lesions resulting from trauma or
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