Chapter 46 Ecology Of Populations

943 WordsAug 9, 20164 Pages
Katie Smaldone Ms. Foco AP Biology: Textbook Questions July 24, 2016 Chapter 46 Ecology of Populations 1.Ernst Haeckel contributed much to the scientific world with the creation of the word “ecology” opening the door to a whole new branch of science. He kicked off the study of ecology when he explained how ecology and evolution revolve around one another. 2.Define the following: a.Ecology-the study of interactions among all organisms and with their physical environment b.Habitat-the place where the organism lives c.Population-all the organisms belonging to the same species within an area at the same time d.Community-all the populations of multiple species interacting at a locale e.Biosphere-the zones of the Earth’s soil, water, and air where organisms are found 3.The difference between population density and population distribution is vast. While population density is the number of individuals is the number of individuals per unit area, population distribution is described to be the pattern of dispersal of individuals across an area of interest. 4. a.Abiotic factors are all the nonliving aspects of an environment. b.Biotic factors are all the living factors of an environment. c.Abiotic and biotic factors both can easily affect individuals changing how well they can thrive, survive in an area, and determine where they can live. 5.The three patterns of distribution are clumped, random, and uniform. A clumped pattern of distribution is when
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