Chapter 5 Outline

5565 Words Oct 2nd, 2012 23 Pages

1. A social category of people who share a common culture, language, national background or religion is referred to as a(n) _____. 
A. minority group
B. dominant group
C. racial group
D. ethnic group 2. In order for a group to be considered an ethnic group they must 
A. look different than the members of other ethnic groups.
B. speak the same language as other members of the group.
C. share an identity they see as different from that of others on society.
D. All of these choices are true. 3. Which of these statements regarding the variability of a group’s ethnic identity is true? 
A. A group’s ethnic identity is constant; it does not change over time.
B. Ethnic identity may form or is strengthened
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A. The categories used to divide groups into races are not fixed and vary from society to society.
B. The biological characteristics that have been used to define different racial groups vary both within and between groups.
C. The different criteria used to define racial groups in any society are arbitrary.
D. All of these choices are true. 13. The historical process in any society by which a group comes to be defined as a race is called _____. 
A. racial formation
B. immigration contact theory
C. the principle of physical salience
D. engendered racism 14. What is the sociological concept of racial formation? 
A. The process by which a group comes to be identified as a race.
B. The process in which the major institutions of society such as law and education create and sustain beliefs about racial categories.
C. The interconnection of historical discrimination and the creation of racial categories.
D. All of these choices are true. 15. Which of these is an illustration of the concept of out-group homogeneity? 
A. Members of some minority groups are perceived as being very similar to the dominant group in society.
B. Members of a set of minority groups, such as Laotians, Chinese, Japanese, and Indonesians, are perceived as being similar enough to share a general category (Asian).
C. Members of all groups considered minority groups in a society are perceived as having the

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