Chapter 5 : The Ten Commandments Reviewed

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Deuteronomy 5: 1-21 The Ten Commandments Reviewed

The book of Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Christian and Jewish Bible and the final book of the Pentateuch. Deuteronomy 5: 1-21 begins with Moses summoning all of Israel and declaring the Ten Commandments to the people of the land. The analysis of historical context, literary techniques and the reader’s response to this passage, empowers the readers to appreciate the purpose of the passage.

In the book Deuteronomy chapter five, events unfold which sees the declaration of the Ten Commandments from God to the Hebrew people through Moses and although it is just mentioned in the book of Deuteronomy, events alike transpire in the book of Exodus. Accordingly, the events prior to the composition of the book of Deuteronomy contribute in the understanding of the text. The book of Deuteronomy is believed to have been compiled during the Deuteronomic reform that occurred during the reign of King Josiah, approximately 7th century BC. By 8th century BC, the Assyrian Empire conquered the Kingdom of Israel and as Israel rebelled, refugees fleeing to Judea brought along new traditions that proclaimed Yahweh as the true and only God. The strength and support of Josiah began a movement that supported the belief of a theocracy loyal to Yahweh as the God of Israel and consequently was the basis in Deuteronomy 5-25 of a covenant, ultimately addressed by Moses in Deuteronomy 5. The next stage of the book of Deuteronomy is influenced by
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