Chapter 6 : Philosophies Of Education

1332 WordsMar 16, 20176 Pages
Kaur Savdeep MCC 623 Journal# 3 Chapters 6,7, & 8 Spring 2017 Chapter 6: Philosophies of education Philosophy means "Love of Knowledge.” One of the important means of getting knowledge is Education. Philosophers state different theories on education. Behind every school and every teacher is a set of related beliefs-a philosophy of education- that influences what and how students are taught. A philosophy of education represents answers to questions about the purpose of schooling, a teacher 's role, and what should be taught and by what methods. For instance, the mission statement of my school district is: “commitment to promoting the fullest development of [its] students in mind, body and heart. While deeply rooted in past traditions,…show more content…
122). Moreover, American Society is a “Salad Bowl” with diverse values and culture, which makes it a lot harder to accommodate learning and curriculum development to one set of expectations, values and needs (Olivia et al, 2012, p. 123). The major teacher-centered and the student-centered philosophies of education are essentialism and perennialism; progressivism, social reconstructionism, and existentialism. Some of the concepts found throughout these philosophies include having students become active participants of their learning, allowing students to become active participants of society, and having students learned about math, reading, and grammar (Olivia et al, 2012, p. 128). As coming from a country where the culture, language and environment are so different from the ones practiced by the “American Culture,” it was challenging for me, and especially for my parents to adjust our beliefs, our morals, our traditions and education to a new way of life (such as the progressivism philosophy). The progressivism philosophy of education promotes that “the way of thinking a child learns best is when actively experiencing in his or her world, as opposed to passively absorbing preselected content” (Olivia et al, 2012, p. 133). Many of our bilingual/ESL students that come to our schools, come from the background such as mine where

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