Chapters 1-5 of Edith Hamilton Mythology

3464 Words Aug 11th, 2013 14 Pages
Chapter 1
THE TITANS AND THE TWELVE GREAT OLYMPIANS
Titans they are the Elder Gods. They are enormous in size and have incredible strength.
IMPORTANT TITANS
CRONUS (Saturn) he ruled until Zeus dethroned him.
OCEAN- the river
TETHYS- Ocean’s wife
HYPERION- Memory
THEMIS- Justice
IAPETUS- important because of his sons
ATLAS- Bore the world on his shoulders
PROMETHEUS- the Saviour
THE TWELVE OLYMPIANS
They are superior, they are considered the highest gods
They are called Olympians because they live in Mt. Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece which is located in Thessaly in North East of Greece
The twelve Olympian gods are:

Zeus- ruler of heaven
Hera- Juno
Poseidon- Neptune, ruler of sea
Hades – Pluto god of underworld
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Lover of Aphrodite.his bird was the vulture.
Hephaestus (Vulcan and mulciber)
God of fire, son of Zeus and Hera or Hera alone. He is ugly and lame. His wife is one of the three graces in the iliad, she is Aphrodite.
Hestia (vesta)
Zeus’s sister and like Athena and artemis, a virgin goddess. No distinct personality. Goddess of the hearth, the symbol of the home.

THE LESSER GODS OF OLMYPUS
God of Love, Eros (Cupid in Latin), he is the most important of the lesser gods.
This idea the Greeks had of him is best summed up not by a poet but by a philosopher, Plato. His greatest glory is that he cannot do wrong nor allow it. He was often represented as blindfolded, because love is often blind.
Hebe was the Goddess of Youth, daughter of Zeus and Hera. Wife of Hercules
Iris was the Goddess of the Rainbow and a messenger of the gods, in the Iliad, the only messenger.
Muses and the Graces
The gracs were three: Aglaia (splendour), Euphrosyne(Mirth) and Thalia (Good Cheer). They were the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome.
The muses wre nine in number, the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, Momory. They are of one mind, their hearts are set upon song and their spirit is free from care. Clio was muse of history, urania, of astronomy, melpomene of tragedy, thalia of comedy, terpischore of dance, calliope of epic poetry, erato of love-poetry, polyhymnia of songs to gods, euterpe of lyric poetry.
Themis, the Right or Divine
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