Characteristics Of A Female Patient At The Mature Age Of 78 Essay

1769 WordsOct 28, 20168 Pages
Introduction A female patient at the mature age of 78 was presented to A&E with symptoms in accordance with new onset Atrial Fibrillation(AF). The patients’ medical history was notable only for controlled hypertension, which recurrently coexists with AF and is acknowledged for being one of the principal risk factors of AF. With Hypertension being ‘… the most common cardiovascular disorder’ and AF equally being ‘… the most common clinically significant sustained cardiac arrhythmia’, the management routes must be cautiously considered so the appropriate treatment care can be administered for the patient (Manolis et al, 2012). ECG characteristics of Atrial Fibrillation AF is characteristically exhibited on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with an irregular and rapid ventricular rate except when the patient is on any sort of AV node blocking drug such as beta-blockers, which the patient may be possibly on due to her hypertension. AF is initiated due the rapid and chaotic firing of action potentials within the pulmonary veins or atrium, generating fast atrial rates with minimal amplitudes. P waves are therefore no existent on an ECG. All this chaotic action potential is however incapable of passing through the intermittently refractory AV node, meaning the QRS complexes created are also irregularly irregular. This fabricates varying R-R intervals due to there being no pattern to their frequency. (Lome, no date). There is also a deficiency of the isoelectric baseline, and

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