Characteristics Of A Fungal Infection

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Pyonephrosis Research Paper
Victoria Huber
University of Findlay
DSMA 420

Pyonephrosis Research Paper Pyonephrosis is uncommon in adults and rare in children, and it is thought to be extremely rare in neonates. It has been reported in several neonates and adults, making it clear that the condition may develop in any age group. The true incidence of pyonephrosis with other renal infections has not been reported. However, the risk of pyonephrosis is increased in patients with upper urinary tract obstruction and with patients who are immunocompromised or antibiotics for a long period of time (Peterson, A. & Schwartz, B. 2014).
This pathology can be recognized as involving the kidney and the collecting system, where it can
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There are a number of different reasons for urinary tract obstruction. This can include pregnancy, cancer, fungus balls, ureterocele, ureteral strictures, tuberculosis and neurogenic bladder. (Chris, n.d.). There are a number of symptoms that should raise concern for pyonephrosis. This can include: flank pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, little or no urine and a weak and narrow urine stream. The symptoms of peritonitis, abdominal pain, tenderness, abdominal distension, diarrhea or constipation with the inability to pass gas may also be present.
Sepsis is common in severe untreated cases, especially in immunocompromised patients. Apart from the other symptoms mentioned above, there may also be rapid heart rate and a rapid breathing rate in sepsis. When the mental status is altered and the blood pressure is very low, severe sepsis or septic shock has arisen and death is a very likely consequence (Chris, n.d.).
Blood and urine tests are the main investigations to diagnose pyonephrosis along with the clinical presentation and the patient’s medical history. When urine cannot be collected due to the obstruction, a sample has to be removed from the collecting system of the kidney.
Blood tests can include a complete blood count (CBC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine and a blood culture. Urine tests include a urinalysis and a urine culture. All of these tests help to determine pyonephrosis (Chris, n.d.). Sonographic findings suggestive of pyonephrosis include
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