Characteristics Of Dialectical Behavior Therapy

1720 Words7 Pages
Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) was developed by Dr. Marsha Linehan in the 1980’s based on her biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder (BPD; Linehan, 1993a, 1993b). DBT utilizes a number of therapeutic techniques and skill development to target deficits in emotion regulation and monitoring affective states. An important underlying assumption of DBT is that emotionally vulnerable individuals learn maladaptive coping strategies (i.e., parasuicidal behaviours) as a way to mitigate strong emotional reactions. Therefore, DBT attempts to develop more adaptive coping strategies that encourage a person to ‘build a life that they experience as worth living’ (Behavioral Tech, 2017).
The fundamental components of traditional DBT are based upon cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance, and dialectics (Linehan, 1993a). DBT implements traditional CBT techniques that emphasize change, including skills training, exposure therapy, as well as cognitive and contingency therapy (Linehan, 1993b; Rathus & Miller, 2002). However, Linehan et al. (1991) recognized that when clients were provided CBT alone, they often became distressed and dropped out of treatment. This dilemma led Linehan to identify that when there was a balance between change and validation, clients were far more likely to engage as well as remain in treatment (Linehan et al., 1991). Accordingly, validation and acceptance became another principal component of DBT, with a focus of developing a balance between
Get Access