Inside our body there is a powerful muscular pump, which is known as the one of the main organs in the human body. This hollow, cone shaped, pump lies slightly left within the center of the chest called our heart. The heart is made up of different structures and actions in order for it to work, combined with a network of blood vessels form what we know as the cardiovascular system.
The heart is a muscular organ that rests behind the sternum. The heart pumps blood through a network of arteries and veins that makeup the cardiovascular system. (The Heart (Human Anatomy)
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In the fetal pig, the heart was enclosed in a pericardial cavity, with the right and left lungs on each side of it (Freeman, et. al). The mediastinum, which includes the pericardium, the esophagus, the trachea, and other structures separates the thoracic cavity into right and left sides (Field, pg. 11). The muscular diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal pelvic cavity, where the digestive and urinary systems are located (Field p. 11). As we worked through the dissection we were able to observe each organ system individually and look deeper into all of the anatomical structures that play a role in its function.
The heart is located between lungs and it is protected by the rib cage, it is thought to be the same size as a closed fist. The heart is protected a membrane called pericardium, this membrane contains a film of fluid which helps prevent fiction. Each side of the heart consist of an atrium and a ventricle. The right side of the
heart from the body by the veins and its purpose is to keep us alive
The second body framework is the cardiovascular system which contains the blood, heart, and vessels. The cardiovascular system heart pumps blood through veins, blood conveys oxygen and supplements to cells and carbon dioxide and waste far from cells. It manages body temperatures and water substance of body fluids and blood. This system contains of the heart, veins, and arteries. The heart is somewhat little and lays on the diaphragm which rests on the mediastinum and is located in the thoracic cavity. The mediastinum reaches out from the sternum to the vertebral column. From the first rib to the diaphragm and sits between the lungs. The heart has an apex which is the pointed end of a cone shaped structure, and a base which is the posterior
The digested food continues its journey into the small intestine where nutrient absorption begins. As Killer whales have no gallbladder, it is the liver that provides the bile needed for digestion. They have the largest livers of all mammals. The sperm whale produces a substance called ambergris which facilitates digestion of squid beaks that can otherwise irritate the bowel. Transit time, from the stomach to the anus, is from 15 to 18 hours. Starfish have a unique digestive system with a mouth at the center of their underside and an anus on their upper surface. Food can be brought into the stomach through the mouth or, in many species; the cardiac stomach can be extended out through the mouth to digest food outside the body. They then use their tube feet to pass the food to the stomach. Some species use their water vascular system to open the shells of some mollusks and inject their stomachs into the shells. It then digests the mollusk in place. Partially digested food is passed to the inside of the starfish where digestion continues in the pyloric stomach. The sea star's arms are filled with digestive glands called pyloric caeca which help with digestion. These digestive glands secrete enzymes and absorb
The abdominal cavity which contains the stomach, most of the large intestine, the small intestine, the gallbladder, spleen, kidney and liver. The small intestine is very important and its job is to digest food and also take nutrients from food to help give back to the body. The gallbladder is a small storage organ also needed in digestion and holds bile products produced by the liver until needed for digesting fatty foods. The kidney is also vital because it helps aid in essential processes such as regulating blood pressure. The liver is very vital and performs multiple critical functions to keep the body pure of toxins and harmful substances. Without a healthy liver, a person cannot survive. Then the pelvic cavity which will contain also portions of the large intestine, reproductive organs, and the urinary bladder. The large intestine is also known for helping during digestion by taking undigested food and absorbing as much water as it can and expels the waste. The reproductive organs play a vital role in the survival of our species. Lastly, the urinary bladder functions as a storage vessel. It is one of the most elastic organs and is able to increase its volume
HEART: Located inferior to the trachea and superior to the diaphragm and liver, light pink in color. It appeared to be the size of a lima bean, surrounded by a bright pink rubbery substance, said to be a ruptured blood vessel. The left and right atrium was dark brown and located at the coronal end of the heart. It appeared that there was only one ventricle which was light brown in color.
The Liver the largest and heaviest organ makes bile then stores it in the gallbladder. Which stores the bile then squirts it into the small intestine to break down fatty foods if needed. Banana squeezes through the Duendom the beginning part of the small intestine connecting the small intestine to the stomach. The small intestine is a 600cm long tube, and does the most absorption in the whole digestive system through little finger like sponges called villi. Villi have capillaries located through them that absorb nutrients then leak the nutrients into the bloodstream. The nutrients are leaked into the bloodstream because cells need nutrients to be able to do their jobs for the body. Nutrients and
The heart is located in the chest between the lungs behind the sternum and above the diaphragm. It is surrounded by the pericardium. Its size is about that of a fist, and its weight is about 250-300 g. Its center is located about 1.5 cm to the left of the midsagittal plane. Located above the heart are the great vessels: the superior and inferior vena cava, the pulmonary artery and vein, as well as the aorta. The aortic arch lies behind the heart. The esophagus and the spine lie further behind the heart.