Characteristics Of Le Vygotsky And Cognitive Development

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Cognitive Skills And Cognitive Development The study of society and culture as factors of cognitive development is most evident in the work of Lev Vygotsky (1978). Cognitive development is the development of intelligence, conscious thought, and problem-solving ability that begins in infancy. Children’s cognitive development give emphasis on developing a child’s mind. It focuses on the changes in thinking that takes place from one stage to the next. Driscoll (2000) enunciate that cognitive development is the internalization of social functions and the conversion of social functions into mental functions. While cognitive skills are individual’s abilty to think, give opinion, comprehend memorise events that occur in the surroundings. It involves categories such as memorizing categorizing, planning,reasoning, problem solving creating, and imagining. Characteristics Of Lev Vygotsky Theory Vygotsky acknowledged that biological factors play a role in development. Children bring certain characteristics and the disposition to the situation they encounter, and their responses to those situations vary accordingly. Furthermore, children behaviour, which are influenced by in part of inherited traits, affect the particular experiences that they have (Vygotsky, 1997). Vygotsky primary focus was on the role of nurture,…show more content…
In teaching, the teacher or educators can build on their own scaffold to develop the child’s zone of proximal development. For examples, during solving a mathematics problem, the teacher should not give away the solutions right away to the student. Instead, try to work it out together by giving little by little guidance using their prior knowledge. ZPD takes place during an interactive activity where a novice and an expert work together to complete the targeted task (e.g., Newman & Holtzman,

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