Characteristics Of Nudes In The Art Of The Renaissance

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1. An idealized nude body from before the year 200 CE This is a nude sculpture of a young Hercules holding a lion pelt carved from marble in Early Roman Imperial Period during the Flavian Era. The subject of this piece is Hercules. One element that stands out is its scale—its larger than the average human, standing at over 8 feet. Another element that stands out is the texture; the curls in Hercules’ hair and the mane and face of the lion pelt almost look real despite being carved from stone. Although ideal beauty has changed throughout time, ideal male nudes in classical Western art are essentially young, strong, and handsome figures immortalized in poses demonstrating their athleticism, bravery, or heroic acts. This sculpture fulfills the clue because it depicts Hercules as a youthful, muscular figure standing in Contrapposto, showing that he is sound of both mind and body. It also has perfect proportions based on human measurements, and each body part counterbalances it’s opposite side, similar to Polykleitos’ Canon/Doryphoros. Like in many other ideal nudes, Hercules is depicted as a hero through his physique and actions. In this case, he is shown completing the first of his twelve labors. 2. A Greek or Roman architectural element This is a Greek Ionic column that was found at the Temple of Artemis at Sardis. It was made in the Hellenistic Period and stood at over fifty feet in its original location. The column has a fluted shaft and an ornate capital. The
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