Characteristics of Religious Fundamentalism Essay

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Characteristics of Religious Fundamentalism

Donald Taylor defines Fundamentalism as involving a group of people who perceive a challenge an ultimate authority, usually God, in which they believe, they decide the challenge cannot be tolerated and reaffirm their belief in the authority and oppose the challengers, often using political means o further their cause.

One characteristic of religious Fundamentalism is that most Fundamentalist groups have a charismatic, authoritarian leader. This person is usually male, who may claim to be divinely informed. An example of this was the Christian Fundamentalist People's Temple religious cult led by Reverend Jim Jones. He had such control over his
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To de Beauvoir religion acts for women in similar ways that it acts for the Proletariat to Marxists. De Beauvoir writes 'Man enjoys the great advantage of having a God endorse the code he writes'; she believes men have exercised control over religious beliefs.

For the major world religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam 'man is master by divine right' (de Beauvoir), so it follows that fear of angering God becomes fear of angering men. De Beauvoir believes that in modern societies women are deceived by religion to think that they are equal to men, despite obvious inequalities, like the unbalanced proportion of women to men in positions of power within the religions. She says, 'There must be a religion for women as there must be one for the common people, and for exactly the same reasons.' Like the proletariat in Marxism, de Beauvoir considers religion to give women the false belief that they will be compensated in heaven for their sufferings on Earth. This means that the status quo of inequality between the sexes is maintained because women are vital to religion from the work they do for organisations and by introducing
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