‘Charles’ Ability to Finance His Government Effectively and Without Too Much Resentment During the Personal Rule Was a Remarkable Achievement.’

2100 Words Nov 27th, 2012 9 Pages
‘Charles’ ability to finance his government effectively and without too much resentment during the personal rule was a remarkable achievement.’
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For the greater part of the 1630’s Englishmen paid their taxes, most likely grumbling whilst doing it, but they were paid. During his personal rule 1629-40, Charles I needed to raise revenue by using non-parliamentary means, i.e. in ways he would not need a parliament’s permission to collect. In order to do this, Charles changed certain policies to make them more financially gaining and brought back taxes that had not been used for numerous years, ranging from Ship Money to Credit to Monopolies.
Upon his arrival in the court of Charles I, Lord Treasurer Weston tried to
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In 1635, custom duty brought in £358,000 for Charles and throughout the 1630s, it accounted for almost two-thirds of the crown’s revenue. This was an effective way to raise money for Charles, but it was a sore point with many members of his rejected parliament. It was also, essentially illegal to collect such duties as he was going against what they had stated to him in 1625.
In order to raise more money, Charles employed half-forgotten feudal dues and devices. The distraint of knighthood was a medieval stratagem in which men owning estates worth £40 a year were supposed to present themselves to the King at his coronation. It was a law, which had not been used since the early Tudors, and Charles began to fine people for not performing as the law states. Gentlemen found themselves being fined by the King for an out-dated, practically un heard of regulation. It was a effective way to raise money proven by the fact that by the end of the 1630s, fines from this source had raised a total of £174,000 from over 9000 members of the gentry.
Furthermore, during personal rule there was a revival of Forest Laws, based on medieval royal forest boundaries. Landowners whose estates now encroached on these boundaries found themselves unable to produce the title deeds for their land because
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