Charles Darwin And His Theory Of Evolution

1248 Words Feb 4th, 2015 5 Pages
By the end of the nineteenth century, American literature began to shift away from romanticism, which had been the primary style seen among American novelists up to and for some time after the Civil War. With the departure from romanticism came the journey into the realm of realism. If Romanticism can be described as searching past the obvious in search of the ideal, then Realism is diving into the obvious to explore the ugliness, misery, and hopefully the truth of the world. In general, Literary Realism attempts to depict life as it is, with joys and sorrows, ups and downs. However, American Realism tends to focus more on the darker side of life, for not only had the nation just undergone a Civil War, but this was also the time of Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution. People were becoming increasingly doubtful of their political and religious systems and sought more realistic rather than idealistic perspectives of the world. So it was that this new American Realism would focus on characters and setting more than plot or ideas. Particularly the author describes their characters, their actions, their emotions and surroundings as close to reality as possible. The characters are not perfectly good or completely evil; they exhibit strengths and weaknesses. The characters often commit crimes or do immoral things, and are not judged accordingly. Among the early American Realist authors who held such practices were Mark Twain and Henry James. Although their individual styles…
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