Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Psychology

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1. What roles did Wundt and James play in establishing psychology? Wilhelm Wundt played a key role in establishing psychology after his book Principles of Physiological Psychology argued that psychology should be studied as it 's own distinct scientific discipline rather than a sub-category of physiology. In 1879, Wundt founded the first laboratory of scientific psychological research at the University of Leipzig. He was very influential and over the years, thousands of students attended his lectures. People from across the globe went to Wundt to earn their doctorates. He even taught Edward B. Titchener, who founded his own school of psychology. These are all reasons why Wilhelm Wundt is considered "The Founder of Psychology". William…show more content…
2. What were the early schools and approaches in psychology, and how did their views differ? One of the first early psychological schools of thought was structuralism. Structuralism was the belief that all complex experiences of the conscious could be broken down into small parts or elements of stimuli. Structuralism was founded but Edward B. Titchener yet it faded away soon after his death, because of the arguably impractical procedure used to identify conscious thoughts called introspection. Introspection involved asking subjects on their initial sensation of feelings over some subject, like a book. Many argued that it was impractical due to the variation of responses subjects would give and the impossibility of studying children and animals. The second school of thought was called functionalism. Functionalism didn’t just limit itself to using introspection but viewed interactions as they naturally occurred in nature. It stressed the importance of behavioral functions that allow people and animals to adapt to their environment. This allowed for more thorough analysis even through children and work places. Functionalists differed form structuralists on the nature of the conscious and
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