Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Scottish Architecture. Essay

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In this essay, I will be discussing how Charles Rennie Mackintosh has contributed to Scottish architecture. I will investigate his influences and how he affected architecture in Scotland over his lifetime.
Born on 7th June 1868 in Glasgow, Mackintosh became interested in architecture as a profession from an early age, and, at the age of sixteen secured an apprenticeship with John Hutchison. In order to complete his apprenticeship, he enrolled in the Glasgow School of Art in 1884, where he met Margaret MacDonald, an artist and his future wife. Due to poor health, Mackintosh often spent weekends in the country-side, sometimes travelling with Herbert McNair, a friend who worked at the architect’s firm of Honeyman and Keppie, (where
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The School of Art was Mackintosh’s first and largest commission, and he was awarded it in 1896. Work on the School of Art began in 1897 and extended until 1899, when it was halted, until it was eventually resumed in 1909 and finished.
While designing the Glasgow School of Art, Lethaby’s Architecture, Mysticism and Myth was to be an important source of principles for Mackintosh, due to its connecting of the Arts and Crafts movement with the Celtic beliefs and Mysticism that greatly interested him. He also put great stock in John Ruskin’s views on materials that iron and glass ‘will never worthily take the place of stone because of this defect, the want of mass.’ For the School of Art, Mackintosh decided to use local granite on three sides and brickwork on the fourth. The building was designed by Mackintosh in the Gothic Revival manner so that the exterior would act as a skin the main structure inside. The north façade on Renfrew Street is dominated by large studio windows and a heavily sculpted main entrance with medieval motifs. The eastern end uses gables, projecting turrets and is set out asymmetrically in order to further impart a Gothic Revival feel to the building. The western façade containing the library rises starkly while the slope falls, creating a look reminiscent of medieval fortifications, broken by large, twenty-five-foot-tall windows. The school of Art was completed in two phases and the difference in the east and west
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