Charles Taylor And The Civil War

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Liberia has suffered two major civil wars. The first civil war happened from 1989 until 1997. In 1980, Samuel Doe had led a coup d’état to overthrow the government of Tubman. In 1985, elections were held in the country, and it was considered to be highly fraudulent. A coup was organized, but it was not successful. In 1989, Charles Taylor arrived in the country from Ivory Coast and led an uprising against the government of Samuel Doe. During the uprising, two factions arose with one staying with Taylor and the other supporting Prince Johnson. Johnson fought for the capital, and he executed Doe while taking the city. The emerging conflicts saw Taylor and Johnson fighting over the control of Monrovia. The civil war led to over 200,000 deaths. After the election of Taylor, peace reigned for two years before the second civil war started. The war began in 1999 when a rebel group that was backed by Guinea, which was a neighboring country, invaded northern Liberia. The Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) fought against Taylor forces. Civilians were the most affected because they were between the two warring factions. In 2003, another rebel group was formed known as Movement for Democracy in Liberia. This group emerged from the south and by mid-2003, the government controlled only a third of the country. The two-rebel group oversaw the deaths of thousands of people. Much more were displaced. Currently, the population of Liberia consists of more than 51%
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