The World Trade Center (WTC) held fairly high regard throughout New York as a structurally sound building, but the authors of 102 Minutes beg to differ on this opinion. They use various diagrams and statistics of the incredible impact and destruction the planes caused to the building, arguments against the poor architectural design and support of the towers, and periodic timestamps to make claims and factual statements about the events that occurred. The timestamps serve as a means of the authors building suspense in their audience, deepening uncertainty in the audience which intends to move them to read further and discover the office laborers’ fates. Moments like “At 9:19… we’re trapped… there’s smoke coming in. I don’t know what’s happening”(102 Minutes 186) and when Assistant Chief Callan“stood
“There are natural hazards, but disasters are the result of human actions that put people and property in harm’s way” (Cigler 2007: 64). Throughout history New Orleans has been continuously altered by the presence of humans through the creation of levees and canals, the introduction of artificial irrigation systems, and through human induced processes that have ultimately accelerated the process of land degradation and erosion. While a natural hazard struck New Orleans in 2005, the disaster portion resulting from Hurricane Katrina was a result of human induced interactions throughout the history of New Orleans.
It’s 5:15 AM, and the streets are quiet. By 5:30, the streets are torn apart, and rubble is strewn everywhere. What happened in those fifteen minutes was the San Fransisco earthquake. When you look at “Comprehending the Calamity” by Emma Burke and Laurence Yep’s Dragonwings, you can truly imagine the extent of the damage and fear, even though Burke’s purpose is to inform, while Yep’s is to entertain.
There have been impacts of natural hazards on Sandy throughout the city’s history. There have been many records of floods in the past and some very minor earthquakes. There are still dangers of floods and earthquakes, and many people live on the fault line, where it is expected to have a huge earthquake in about 50 years. This large earthquake could destroy many homes and neighborhoods and will cost the city a substantial amount of money to repair all of the damages.
George Heinrich Crist, a resident of Kentucky, was settled with his family in a well-built house when the New Madrid Earthquake of 1811 came across their path, unlike a storm this “thing” had no warnings. He chose to share his account of this quake, or quakes. This was part of his life and also a part of history in the making so that is why I believe he shared his personal essay. It’s not an argumentative account but rather short entries from 5 months from his life. Kentucky wasn’t the only state that was hurt, 6 other states were involved. The term “New Madrid Earthquake” refers to portions of Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. This was the biggest earthquake (series of earthquakes) as it changed the course of the Mississippi river.
Deserted buildings cause many other problems beside for just being a public eyesore. These deteriorating buildings can actually bring a decrease in profit, because businesses and consumers do not
Figure 5.22: velocity, acceleration, and roof displacment of twenty-story regular RC building due to (a) 1957 San Francisco (Golden Gate Park) GGP010 component, andFigure 5.24: : velocity, acceleration, and roof displacment of twenty-story regular RC building due to (a)1979 Imperial Valley-06 (Holtville Post Office) H-HVP225 component, and (b) IS 1893 (Part1) : 2002 ground motion in z-direction (b) 1940 Imperial Valley (El Centro) ElcentroEW component ground motion in x-direction
According to Kenny, everyone and everything in Birmingham stopped and wondered what that noise was. Later he finds out that the noise came from Joetta’s church. This leads Kenny to believe that Joetta had been killed. Yet, in the text “16th Street Baptist Church Bombing,” the noise draws the attention of the rest of the community which causes the people to go to the church. The reality behind the noise, however, resulted in the injury of many
The earthquake strike Charleston with magnitude of 7 was also associated with ten severe after shock; the combination of this seismic wave had destroyed numerous properties
The Great Fire of 1849 destroyed many buildings on the riverfront and these buildings were never reconstructed just left as rubble and decay. “Residents could assess the devastation: 5 riverfront blocks entirely destroyed, 5 more heavily damaged… 400 houses burned to the ground along with more than 300 businesses.” All this disaster was left on the riverfront until 1942 when land was cleared for the building of the arch. Many would argue that the building of the arch destroyed some historical old iron buildings, and that it made people relocated out of their homes, but these buildings were old run down and destroyed while the people were living in squalor and poor conditions. “ Many landowners along the riverfront, often banking and real estate companies, gladly sold their holdings to the federal government.” Slum clearance on the riverfront wasn’t hard because many landowners were more than willing to sell their property. “ Three historic buildings were left standing… the Old Courthouse, the old Cathedral, and the Old Rock House.” The arch didn’t destroy everything, it left some buildings of
The construction of the Skyline Plaza in Fairfax County came to a halt early in the afternoon on March 2, 1973. It was originally speculated by the workers on site that the crane assisting in lifting materials to the higher sections of the building failed and fell into the side of the building causing the collapse. However, Author Dov Kaminetsky conducted research alongside the National Bereau of Standards(NBS), and published his book, Design and Construction: Lessons from Forensic Investigations. Kaminetsky provides the conclusion of NBS 's investigation that the collapse was a result of shear construction error. The building began to collapse as construction workers proceeded to remove the concrete shoring between the middle sector of the building, specifically the 22nd and 23rd floor. The shoring process requires the placement of a concrete structure to support a building while under construction to prevent the collapse of the operation. The result of the collapse took the lives of 14 construction workers and 35 other individuals near the building. With proper critique to policies and evaluation of work orders, further disasters may be prevented in the future in the United States. So how did theinvestigationn of the
The damages were catastrophic as houses lay in ruin and debris littered the roads. There were mudslides and fallen rocks that paved the roads and made them impassible for vehicles to get through. Ultimately by the roads being clogged up the response time by rescue workers and essential personal were hampered. This also made it exceptionally difficult for supplies to be rushed to the locations for the earthquake survivors. As some were digging and excavating for survivors they were being halted by aftershocks and falling debris from above. Approximately 8000 people were killed either by their houses caving in or by the other disasters this earthquake triggered. It was a real life tragedy that
The image chosen is selected from the Sonny Brown Collection, under the title of Buildings. The intended subjects for this photograph are, the Evansville Courier Company, Local History, Historic Buildings, and 20th Century Photography. This photo shows a fantastic view of the Courthouse with lightning striking directly above it. It gives me the impression of mystery and suspense, similar to the beginning scene of a movie; leaving me to think that a storm may come, or something more dramatic might happen.
Katrina hit New Orleans, Louisiana on August 29th, 2005, but the failure of the local government started before this day “by allowing building and growing in areas in low flood lands.” The local government did not regulate these land areas that have always