Checks and Balances

678 Words Apr 10th, 2007 3 Pages
Civilization. Checks and balances
The Constitution separates the power of government into three branches: the legislative power is vested in the Congress, the executive power rests with the President and his bureaucracy and the judicial power is granted to the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Whereas each branch of government has separate and particular powers as listed in the Constitution, each branch is also given the power, duty and ability to control and balance the other(s) in a system of checks and balances.

The Constitution grants all legislative power to the Congress. The Congress is bicameral and a bill has to pass both houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. In this way the houses check and balance each
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As to foreign affairs the President nominates ambassadors with the consent of the Congress. The President can make treaties with other countries, but only when two-third of the Congress concurs. The Congress can also advise the President on foreign affairs.

As mention above the President limits the legislative power of Congress by his ability to veto laws. Today the President also plays a role as a law-initiator who proposes bills, which he follows closely through Congress and he uses legislative aids to lobby for their passage. His legitimacy as a law initiator is to be found in the constitutional clauses requiring the President to inform Congress about the "State of the nation" and to suggest measures that he consider "necessary and expedient". Furthermore, he has the power to convene Congress if he deems it necessary.

As mentioned the judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court and inferior federal Courts, and the Supreme Court checks and balances the other branches through its power of judicial review. Congress has the constitutional power to create tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court and to change the number of judges. The president nominates the federal judges with the approval of Congress. In this essay we have seen how the Constitution establish a government with three branches that on one hand operate separately and that on the

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