It is easier for them to draw their feelings or show it in some form of artwork opposed to answering questions directly. According to the article, “How Art Therapy Can Help Children”, by arttherapyjournal.org, creating artwork is a non-threatening venue that allows kids to tackle tough issues in a creative way. It can help children relieve stress, increase awareness of self, and develop healthy and effective coping skills. Children are naturally creative at a young age. It is easier for them to draw their mood and emotions opposed to answering questions directly. Art therapy can be used for children with the following issues: Death in the family or friend, childhood trauma including physical, mental or sexual abuse, learning disabilities, emotional issues etc… It can help relieve stress, increase awareness of self and develop healthy coping skills.The process of this therapy depends on the therapist, the age of the child and their situation. The therapist usually gives the child a prompt to get them started. Once the picture is finished, the therapist will begin to question the child about different details in the artwork. The therapist will use feedback to develop an effective treatment plan that will the help the child. It is very important to know that every child is different and may not respond the same way to
Children who have been abused are left with more than just physical scars. They have many psychological, emotional, and behavioral problems as well. Their social lives are affected dramatically, and they suffer lifelong effects. (Lambert) Children tend to
Childhood is a time for playdates and learning, a time for big dreams and imaginary adventures. Safety and security should not be questions that linger in uncertainty. However, this is not the case for many children across the globe. Thousands of children from all walks of life each day are faced with unspeakable horror and must deal with the resulting trauma from then on. However, in children, managing this trauma takes a different toll on the mind and heart than it does in adults. While the type of trauma may vary in pervasiveness across countries, trauma occurring in childhood has the ability to cause long term damage to the growing neurological functioning in the brain and negatively influence children’s spiritual development, wounding
Trauma is perceived as a physical or psychological threat or assault to a person’s physical integrity, sense of self, safety and/or survival or to the physical safety of a significant other; family member, friend, partner. (Kilpatrick, Saunders, and Smith, 2003). An adolescent may experience trauma from a variety of experiences, including but not limited to: abuse (sexual, physical, and/or emotional); neglect; abandonment; bullying; exposure to domestic violence and/ or community violence; natural disasters; medical procedures; loss/grief due to a death of a family member(s); surgery; accidents or serious illness; and war (Kilpatrick, Saunders, and Smith, 2003).
Child Therapy: How it Differs from Adult Therapy Katrina Venta PSY 102 Professor Stommel April 7, 2016 Child Therapy: How it Differs from Adult Therapy Child therapy differs greatly from adult therapy in a way where in adult therapy, a person is expected to talk about their feelings while the therapist sits there to listen and take notes. With child therapy, there is no way to do that without the child getting bored about sitting still and talking about their feelings. According to child therapist Douglas Green, child therapy should be done in the language of play. Children are more expressive about their feelings and they grow a lot more when they are playing games, with toys, engaging in activities, through drawing, and some other forms of art (Green, 2012). In other words, the child will recover and grow more from the divorce of their parents or the death of their dog or family issues in general if they link up with a therapist and be able to express themselves by engaging in any type of play, than talking about their feelings. By doing this, a therapist will get more feedback from the child instead of forcing them to just sit still and ask them questions. Play therapy, along with other methods specifically designed for child therapy, focuses on the child’s emotional well-being, it serves as a healthy way to express their concerns and feelings, and it helps improve their relationship with those around them especially their families.
When children experience a traumatic event, not only does it affect their emotions but it can affect many areas of development if not all of them. Equally, health and learning difficulties can also have a less desirable effect on holistic development. By looking at how such factors can affect child development, we can work towards finding a suitable learning method and helping children overcome and recover from their experiences.
Implementing Trauma Informed Care to Build Student Resilience Trauma is one of the many issues facing children of all ages today. Trauma can be defined as any negative experience that causes a child psychological or emotional stress or damage. Exposure to trauma can hinder development in many areas for children, including brain development, social development, and emotional development. The purpose of this study was to determine what impacts trauma-informed care practices had on students in a second grade classroom. Throughout the study all students had access to a calm corner, which is a place they could go if they were feeling overwhelming emotions. Students participated in daily morning community meetings. Students were also taught direct
According to Cathy Malchiodi, an educator in the discipline, “Art therapy, an approach used in the treatment of trauma reactions, is often a primary form of therapy with children who are recovering from abuse, and neglect or are witnesses to family violence” (2). When these patients use art therapy to help them forget, the art that they create has their pain reflected onto it. When children were abused at some point in their life, they look at their abuser as a different person. They think of their abuser as a monster or a demonic-looking creature. When they draw their abuser, they draw a monster with sharp teeth or claws with piercing eyes. This is what the children, or adolescents, picture their attacker
on preventing trauma in children, by giving them the physical and emotional attention they deserve.
Cathy Malchiodi observes the pattern for the use of art expression in helping individuals to express crisis and trauma through imagery. The therapeutic benefit of nonverbal communication
In addition, ART has an inherent advantage in that it is a short term but intense form of psychotherapy. In a military culture that puts a high value on self-reliance, it is unlikely that veterans would be receptive to long term psychotherapy because they would likely view their participation in a long-term therapy as a sign of weakness. They are much more likely to be receptive to an intense, short-term therapy because they would view it as a quick fix to a simple
Roger’s initially developed nondirective counseling, which stressed nondirective methods such as reflecting and Roger’s traditional person-centered therapy is perhaps the greatest example of “talk therapy” as there is not any homework, specific techniques, or behavior to be changed. Instead, the success of the therapy lies in the process and letting clients experience this process as fully as possible. Therefore, it may be surprising that Natalie Roger’s person-centered expressive arts therapy has shifted away from traditional verbal means of expression to more creative means. According to Sommers-Flanagan, through mediums such as movement, drawing, painting, music, writing and improvisation “clients peel away the layers of defense and find their true nature” (2007). Expressive art therapy is not concerned with the end product (client’s do not create a piece to hang on the wall) but rather the process of using art to delve into a client’s pain, rage, or grief is the goal. Therefore, just as in Roger’s person-centered therapy the process is the focal point but the mediums used are quite different. Through these mediums clients find other ways to go inward, other ways to speak. Like her father’s person-centered therapy, Natalie Roger’s expressive arts therapy is nondirective and lets client’s lead the process and trusts them to find the modalities they can learn from (Sommers-Flanagan, 2007).
There are many types of trauma that can effect an adolescent and without the proper treatment of the traumatic event the adolescent can have difficulty adapting and developing into adulthood. Kathleen J. Moroz, of the Vermont Agency of Human Services, defines trauma as a physical or psychological threat or assault to a child’s physical integrity, sense of self, safety of survival or to the physical safety of another person significant to the child. She goes on to list the types of trauma a child may be exposed to. Abuse of every kind, domestic violence, natural disasters, abandonment, serious illness or an accident are just a few traumatic events that can effect the development of a child. (2) When these events occur as an acute event
This was the case of three young adolescence that have been strongly affected by sexual abuse. Most adolescents suffer from loss of self-identity. That’s why group art therapy helps adolescents to express themselves non-verbally, as they may not feel ready to express themselves when they first
Expressive arts therapy is the use of art modalities, creative process, and aesthetic experience in a therapeutic context. It is a therapy of the imagination (McNiff, 1992). Effective communication is an essential element in therapeutic relationships and, although verbal language is the most conventional means of conveying information, other forms can convey just as much as words. The arts are an alternative form of communication that has recently received recognition for their value in therapeutic settings. There is a long well-established connection between the arts and psychology. Expressive arts therapy builds on a natural, complimentary relationship between the two disciplines. As a formal therapy, this form is relatively new with its