Chemical Bonds Are An Attraction Between Two Or More Atoms

1531 Words7 Pages
Chemical Bonds are an attraction between two or more atoms that occur because of an attraction or force that occurs between the two. Three forms of chemical bonding exist, Ionic and covalent bonding. In addition, polarity is the electronegativity of two atoms being transferred along the bond. Some forms of polarity that exist are hydrogen bonds, interstitial forces and vanderwaals reactions.

In the realm of chemical bonding, the strongest form of bonding is covalent bonding. Covalent bonding is a form of chemical bonding in which two or more atoms share their electrons with each other for the sake of forming a close centered strong bond. This form of bonding is very important in that it helps form bonds that are very hard to break to form
…show more content…
The other form of bonding is nonpolar covalent bonding in which two atoms, usually the same ones, bond and create a bond with less than 1 electronegativity difference. This difference is due to the electron amount in each atom being either very similar or the size of the atom being very similar. Some examples of non-polar bonds are H2, I2 and Cl2.

The next form of bonding is Ionic bonding. Ionic bonds are bonds formed when a nonmetal and a metal come together to form a bond where the electrons are transferred. By transferred, it is meant that the electrons are sent from the molecule with the less electrons to the molecule with the higher amount in order to fill its octet. Here, both molecules have their octets filled when the atom with the smaller amount of electrons loses the extra electrons it has and goes to the lower shell where its octet becomes full. On the other hand, the atom with the larger amount of electrons has its octet filled when the atom receives the needed electrons to fill its octet. This creates a bond between the two atoms and leaves them in a state of ionic bonding. Ionic bonding is characterized by atoms with extremely high boiling points and very low freezing points. Most ionic bonds form salts, such as the common table salt known as NaCl. In addition, ionic bonds almost always form molecules that easily dissociate in water. By dissociating in water, it is meant they separate

More about Chemical Bonds Are An Attraction Between Two Or More Atoms

Open Document