Chemical Properties Of Unknown White Compound

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Abstract Unknown white compound (823U) was discovered in the lab. In order to dispose of it correctly, the substance and its physical and chemical properties had to be identified. The unknown white compound was one of a list of 15 compounds. 5g of the unknown compound were given in order to correctly identify and discover its physical and chemical properties. In order to do so, a solubility test, a flame test, and ion tests were conducted. From the results of these initial tests and the given list of compounds, the unknown white compound was thought to be composed of sodium and a halide (I-, Br-, or Cl-). Of the list, NaCl was the appropriate compound, however NaC2H3O3 was also tested out of skepticism. To verify the identity of the substance, the solubility and flame tests were performed again along with a pH test. The pH tests of NaCl and NaC2H3O2 did not match that of the unknown white compound. The list of compounds had been entirely ruled out. The identity of the unknown white compound was revealed to be calcium chloride. To synthesize at least a gram (calculated to produce 1.2g) of CaCl2, the following reaction was completed.
2 HCl + CaCO3+heat ---> CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O
To verify that CaCl2 was the compound that had been synthesized, the compound was tested with the flame test, solubility test, halide ion test, and pH test. CaCl2 was confirmed to be the synthesized compound as the results of these tests matched the results of the unknown white compound.Introduction
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