Chemistry Lab

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Physical and Chemical Change

Objective: Recognize and distinguish between chemical and physical changes.


- lab balance - microspatula
- lab burner - dropper pipet
- 5 test tubes - mortar and pestle
- test tube rack - magnet
- test tube holder - insulating pad
- watch glass - safety goggles
- glass square - lab apron or coat
- copper sulfate pentahydrate - iron fillings
- sodium chloride - magnesium ribbon
- hydrochloric acid - paper (5 cm x 10 cm)
- silver nitarate - birthday candle
- sulfur - matches


1. Place a small amount of wax from a birthday candle into a test tube. Heat gently over a burner flame until the wax melts completely; then allow
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For example, in the experiment when I poured Hydrochloric acid in a test tube and then one magnesium ribbon, the substances started to bubble. Other than that, when I took the wooden split and lit it, I burned the green paper and it changed brown around the edges of the paper.

3. The “new” substances that were formed as a result of chemical change were many. When I took the candle and lit it, it burnt and formed smoke. When I took the wooden split and lit the paper on fire, the color around the green paper changed to be brown, burnt and changed into ashes. Also, I poured Hydrochloric acid and magnesium ribbon in a test tube and it started bubbling and it heated up in the bottom.

4. The following examples do not always indicate chemical change. For example, change in color will always indicate chemical change because the color changes but it does not change the substance’s physical properties. The apparent loss in mass is a phase change; therefore the entire substance goes through a physical change. The apparent disappearance of a substance is a chemical change and will always be a chemical change because it might result of a soluble substance dissolving in a liquid and changes the entire substance in a chemical phase.
5. Substances in a mixture can be separated depending on the substances involved. You can use a magnet to separate a magnetic substance form a non-magnetic one, filtering, and evaporation. For example, when I put the

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