Chhi 301 Paper 2

1749 Words Aug 23rd, 2013 7 Pages
PAPER 2

Submitted to: Dr. Nickens
Liberty University Online
Lynchburg, VA

by
Richard M. Shouse
June 17, 2013

Introduction:

In response to the how and why the papacy in Rome became the center of power as it did. Shortly after

the Fall of the Roman Empire there was a fight for power between several barbarian tribes like the

Ostrogoth’s, Goths, Visigoths, Vandals, Saxons, Huns, Franks, Lombard’s, Burundians, and others. The

two major tribes were the Ostrogoth’s and the Lombard’s where power shifted several times, And the

only infrastructure was the Christian church, so in one sense, the church took over after the fall of

Rome. It was this shift of power that lead to the power being but into
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Pope Honorius argued that

Christ did not possess both divine and a human will at the same time; but had only one will that was

expressed through both his human and divine natures. These caused an embarrassment to other Popes

because they did not want to admit that a Pope could adopt and promote a heretical belief.

We also see that new ideas of faith would rise during this time such as the Monothelite profession of

Faith which said that Christ had two natures, human and divine, but a single will. Where Pope

Severinus refused to sign and the Emperor sent an envoy to Constantinople to confirm the election of

the Pope and demanded that he sign the Ecthesis. Pope Severinus wouldn’t sign the Ecthesis but the

emperor would eventually go along with the election of Severinus. Up to Gregory III the Pope had to

be confirmed by the Constantinople and the Emperors. This brings us to 655 A.D to Pope Martin who

had himself consecrated without waiting for the imperial confirmation, and convene a synod at

Lanteran.

Many Monothelite followers were condemned and as a result Emperor Constans II ordered Pope

Martin arrested and sent back to Constantinople as a prisoner. Because of is faith he was later honored

and became the last Pope to be declared a Martyr. While Martin's career provided dramatic evidence of

the extent to which the papacy was under imperial control at mid-sixth century, it also demonstrated the

decisive role of the papacy in the

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