Child Abuse And Its Effects On Children

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Child abuse takes many different forms. Including physical, sexual, emotional, or neglect of a children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child 's welfare. Regardless of the type of abuse, the child’s devolvement is greatly impacted. The child’s risk for emotional, behavioral, academic, social, and physical problems in life increase. According to the Child Maltreatment Report by the Children’s Bureau (1999) the most common form of child abuse in the United States is neglect. As of 2005, just as much victims were male as there were female. The development of the brain during infancy and childhood is critical because during this time period the brain is most adaptable and shapes according to experiences (Perry, 2009.). Essentially, this means the brain modifies itself in response to experiences. Positive experiences causes the brain to develop healthy and flexible. However, negative traumatic experiences can lead to alterations in brain structure. There are many impacts on the physiology of the brain due to child abuse such as, Impact on the cortex and limbic system. Victims of abuse are sensitive to even minor stimuli a result of decreased frontal lobe functioning (learning and problem solving) and increased limbic system sensitivity (Impact on the physiology of the brain, n.d.)
Article summary # 1 A study was done to examine the influence of the various forms of child abuse on adult victim’s ages 18-59 years of age. Participants: the study
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