D-The patient arrived on time for her session. The patient shared her experience as she attended the cocaine group last week. Based on the patient body language and her demeanor, she enjoyed the group. The patient reports since attending the group, she hasn't used any cocaine for two days on Friday and Saturday. Addressing Sunday and Monday, the patient admits using crack cocaine, by smoking-2 bags because of her anxiety, at which this writer immediately addressed about alternatives. Furthermore, the patient discussed her fear going to detox facility and stated she does not want to go back. The patient believes she needs to attend more groups, at which this writer provided the patient with a list of self-help groups within her community. The
In animal models, cocaine is administered either chronically or acutely to parallel long and short- term usage respectively. Chronic cocaine can also be infused intermittently, at irregular intervals, to mimic human intake and addiction. Kumar et al. (2005) found that acute and chronic exposure to cocaine are each associated with different histone post-translational epigenetic modifications in mice. The effects of both acute and chronic cocaine on the promoter regions of genes implicated in addiction such as cFos, FosB, and Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor (BDNF) were investigated. These modifications were observed using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), an antibody- based method used to detect specific histone modifications associated with DNA. It was found
Cocaine, a narcotic drug that took the entire world by storm in the 1980’s, has continued to find it’s way into countries all over the world. The drug is a highly addictive stimulant that is extracted from the leaves of the Erythroxylon coca bush, which is indigenous to the Andean highlands of South America. It comes in two main forms, powder and crystalline, also known as “crack” (“Cocaine Use and Its Effects”). Although the short term effects of cocaine seem somewhat harmless, the long term effects are devastating and have ruined the lives of many users. The short and long term effects of cocaine can be seen on Ishmael Beah, and his companions in the novel A Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah.
According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 8.1% of Australians aged 14 years and over have used cocaine one or more times in their life. Cocaine abuse can lead to many harmful complications to the human body, one of the most prevalent being harm to the Cardiovascular System, as suggested by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Due to such abuse, medical complications arise, leading to experimental investigative research processes to take place that aim to discover the causes of drug abuse and the results of constant abuse to deliver a proposed treatment option. Though the research field develops, its financial sources are empowered by the government’s collection of taxes from the general public. This report
Over the last two decades, the National Institute on Drug Abuse has estimated that consistently 40,000 infants every year are destined to moms who have utilized cocaine amid their pregnancy. Sadly, the result is out of line for these kids, in light of the fact that the mothers do not understand that they are also in charge of a life separate from their own. These kids usually have different levels of comprehension of things and do not understand the way to behave in our “normal” society. The levels of comprehension differ in every child as per the mother's utilization of cocaine, leading to a drastic social defect that takes place in later years of the child. The question that can be asked regarding this aspect is “What are the characteristics
As soon as birth, children are exposed to new things; new life experiences that will develop the path of which direction their life will take. Adolescence is the most important time in a child’s life because it is where they learn appropriate behavior from their family and the outside world. Some children are able to use these experiences to differentiate at an early age what is right and what is wrong and hopefully carry this into adulthood. What happens when children are exposed to the wrong experiences at an early age? What happens if children assume that what they are seeing is okay because one of their parents are
I’m hoping this letter finds you as well as the circumstances allow, I know you have no clue who I am, but I’ve been praying for you for months. See, a few months ago my baby and I were seated next to the nicest woman at the hair salon and we ended up chatting for a couple of hours. She was overflowing with love for this little one that was still shaking with tremors from becoming addicted to drugs while in his mother’s womb. As she described him and the therapy and the fussiness and all of the appointments and care this tiny baby needed she spoke with such hope that all of this love and care would one day overshadow any delays or developmental needs that might become apparent as he grows. She was experienced with this and this wasn’t her first rodeo with weaning drug-addicted babies. She had been successful before and was confident she would be again.
A link has been found between prenatal cocaine exposure and adolescent development. Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) disrupts the monoaminergic neurotransmitter system in the prefrontal cortex, affecting emotional and behavioral arousal and regulation, attention, and stress response (Levitt, Thompson, & Stanwood , 2009). Several studies have documented PCE-related behavioral problems in childhood and preadolescence. Such behavioral problems include defiant disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and depressive symptoms.
Teresa is a four year old child who tested positive for crack cocaine at birth. She was immediately taken into custody. For the first three months of her life, she was placed in foster care. During this time, her mother, Emilia, was remanded into drug treatment, which she did not complete. Her father was nowhere to be found, so she was placed in kinship care with her grandparents at the age of three months. They are currently in the process of adopting her. Her mother states that she would like to work towards regaining a parental role in Teresa’s life, but acknowledges that her life is currently too unstable to do so.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) reported that more than eight million children younger than age 18 live with at least one adult who is struggling with substance abuse, a rate of more than one in 10 children. The majority of these children are younger than age 5. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS], 2010). Children that have one or more of their parents that are addicted to drugs are at a higher risk for negative experiences in their lives compared to children that do not, including poorer health, risk for harmful behaviors, physical and mental delays, and a higher susceptibility to using substances themselves. The development of attachment theory by psychologist John Bowlby and family systems
Cocaine is a drug made from the leaves of a coca plant that is native to South America- most commonly Colombia. While Cocaine can be legally used for medical purposes such as anesthesia, it is often found as an illegal drug on the streets. On the streets, cocaine can be found as a crystal-white powder. Street dealers will often mix cornstarch, talcum powder, flour, and other drugs or stimulants such as amphetamine with the cocaine in order to make greater profits. It is common for cocaine to be called other names on streets such as: blow, coke, crack, rock, or snow.
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Cocaine’s mechanism of action includes delaying the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin from reuptake following their release. This contributes to these three neurotransmitters having extended effects and causing a large amount of stimulation. Cocaine can be absorbed at different rates depending on the route of consumption. Specifically, the chewing or sucking of leaves causes gradual absorption and onset of effects. Snorting cocaine contributes to fast absorption and onset of effects. Absorption and the onset of effects occur the fastest when crack is smoked. Outcomes of consuming cocaine include feeling alert, competent, and an increase in energy. However, there are negative effects which include paranoia, restlessness,
The most obvious challenges faced in this study would be getting people to admit that they use cocaine. Although it was wrong for these researches to leave out information about what the study really was for, in a way they had to lie to find accurate statistics. It is very difficult for anybody to admit that they are using a drug of that caliber, even if it’s to a person is wearing a white coat. Also, cocaine is an illegal drug. Asking people to participate in a study on their of cocaine is essentially self-incriminating. The researchers wouldn’t expect the subjects to fully trust them. I’m sure many participants would’ve been reserved because of the potential penalties involve with disclosing that information.
A lowered reproductive health status affects low income women in Miami who abuse cocaine. Problems such as not receiving pelvic examinations, breast examinations, or prenatal services during pregnancies have led to sexually transmitted disease and spontaneous abortions. In order to fix this problem, the behavior of community health agents needs to change. Workers at this level need to identify who the low income women as the level of cocaine use may vary amongst different sectors of the Miami-Dade County. Once the high drug areas have been identified, then free women’s clinics should be built in these neighborhoods. Insurance companies should be utilized to approve free or low cost reproductive health care to these women. Since being uninsured or underinsured can hinder one’s