Child Abuse Is A Worldwide Problem

2002 Words Oct 20th, 2014 9 Pages
Child abuse is defined as maltreatment or neglect of a child by a parent or other caregiver that results in potential or actual harm or threats of harm to a child. Child abuse encompasses both acts of commission and omission. The former being abuse, and the latter being neglect (Anim, 2014). Child abuse is divided into four types, first is physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, or burning; sexual abuse; emotional abuse and lastly neglect, which involves the failure to meet a child’s basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or the failure to supervise the child in a way that ensures safety (Crisp & Lister, 2009).

Child abuse is a worldwide problem that is occurring with increasing frequency. It affects all ages, genders, races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic groups (Howard &Brooks-Gunn, 2009). In Australia the number of children reported to child protective services for being at risk of abuse has more than doubled over the last 5 years. Although these figures demonstrate the rising rates of child abuse within Australia, many cases are still remaining undetected and unreported (Kodner & Wetherton, 2013). Child abuse is also the third leading cause of death in children between one and five years of age. It is a significant problem that often goes unrecognised until severe injury or death has occurred (Crisp & Lister, 2009).

Detecting cases of child abuse can be challenging as it can often be extremely difficult for the clinician to differentiate between…

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