Child Abuse and Cognitive Psychology

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Child Abuse and Cognitive Psychology Language is an important component in discussing cognitive psychology. There are many different aspects to language that can be broken down to better understand its functions. Language can be defined as “An organized way to combine words to communicate” (O’Brien, lecture notes 2014). In addition language is a communication system that is unique to humans. It is also something that is learned as opposed to being biologically inherited (O’Brien, lecture notes, 2014). Neuroimaging is also an important mechanism in cognitive psychology. Neuroimaging also known as brain imaging involves “the construction of pictures of the anatomy and functioning of intact brains through such techniques as computerized axial tomography, (CAT, or CT), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)” (Galotti, 2014). Since language and neuroimaging are broad topics, this paper will examine how language and neuroimaging are affected in children who have been exposed to severe neglect and abuse. There are several studies that discuss how these two cognitive factors play a role in abused children. The first study was written by Audetter Sylvestre and Chantal Merette. In their paper they discuss language delays in severely neglected children. These Canadian researchers investigated severely neglected children that were 2-36 months in age (Sylvestre and Merette, 2010). They developed several
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