Child Abuse and Neglect

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A LITERATURE REVIEW Presented to the Department of Criminal Justice California State University, Long Beach In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science By Kirsten Anderson California State University, Long Beach March 9, 2014 Every year around four million children in the United States experience a traumatic event, including the abuse and neglect of a child, also known as child maltreatment, (Schwartz & Perry, 1994). In 2005, 3.3 million referrals were made that year to child protective agencies for suspected child maltreatment, (Bentley & Widom, 2009). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines child maltreatment as “any act or series of acts of commission…show more content…
The therapy was developed to treat depression and anxiety symptoms that are usually associated with PTSD, (Cohen, Mannarino, & Debinger, 2006). The most common form of child maltreatment is child neglect, (Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002). According to (Hildyard & Wolf, 2002) child neglect affects a child’s “cognitive, socio-emotional, and behavioral development.” Child neglect would be failing to take care of a child’s basic needs, as in not providing a house, clothes, water, medical care, dental care, or even education, (Elam & Kleist, 1999). Children who suffer from abuse or neglect are more likely to do poorly in middle and high school, than children who did not suffer from abuse or neglect, (Eckenrode, Rowe, Laird, & Brathwaite, 1995). Studies show a tremendous high rate of academic problems among maltreated children than nonmaltreated children, (Eckenrode, Rowe, Laird, & Brathwaite, 1995). In a study conducted, a sample was taken where researchers randomly selected 420 maltreated children in kindergarten through twelfth grade and 420 nonmaltreated children also in kindergarten through twelfth grade, (Eckenrode, Rowe, Laird, & Brathwaite, 1995). By using available sources, they discovered maltreated children’s test scores were dramatically lower the nonmaltreated children’s test scores, (Eckenrode, Rowe, Laird, & Brathwaite, 1995). Juveniles and adults who have been abused or neglected as a child are more likely to take-part

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