Child Abuse and Neglect

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Abstract This paper will discuss child abuse and neglect and the lasting effects left on a child. The main types of abuse and neglect explained are emotional abuse, psychological abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, medical neglect, educational neglect, emotional neglect, and physical neglect. Included are some warning signs of these different types of abuse and neglect and the legal definitions of each. It is important to understand that all of these forms of abuse and neglect are different and contain varying symptoms, signs, and effects. In addition, the paper discusses suggestions on how to mediate some of these forms of abuse and neglect, including better reporting programs and better parental education. With each different form…show more content…
To some parents, using the old saying, “sticks and stones may break my bones but words can never hurt me” is justification enough for this type of abuse. Most parents do not understand that their children are not able to handle ridicule and harassment as well as adults. To children, having their parents make comments to them can affect their psyche for the rest of their lives. In at least one study, “about 80% of 21 year olds that were abused as children met criteria for at least one psychological disorder” (Childhelp, 2013). Many parents who do abuse their children emotionally or psychologically believe that it is not abuse because they are making them stronger and preparing them for people who will be mean and hurtful to them in the future. However, these parents are leaving their children with damaged mental health and social development problems that can leave lifelong scars on their children. Physical Abuse Physical and sexual abuse of a child can leave these same psychological scars, but are also accompanied by physical scars as well. It is estimated that “more than 90% of juvenile sexual abuse victims know their perpetrator in some way” (Childhelp, 2013). Children are vulnerable to this type of abuse because they trust the people who are supposed to take care of them and look after them, making it extremely easy for their caretakers to take advantage of them. Physical abuse is generally defined as “any non-accidental physical injury to the
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