Child Abuse and Neglect

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The Causes of Child Abuse and Neglect and the Long Term Effects on Human Development from Infancy to Adulthood
Sheila Y. Boone
Liberty University
December 10, 2008

Child abuse and neglect is a prevalent issue in the United States. Every year approximately one million infants, children and adolescents are victims of child abuse and neglect. Research has linked childhood experiences of abuse and neglect with some serious life-long developmental, social, emotional and other significant problems. This paper will address risk factors that are associated with abuse and neglect, who is at risk for being abused, as well as some traits of the abuser. This paper will incorporate child
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Teen mothers especially, are less focused on teaching adjustment and socialization skills to their children because they are dealing with high levels of stress or do not possess mature social-emotional skills themselves. Neglected children may learn that to receive attention from the neglectful parent and have their basic needs met, it is normal for them to act out. Abused children are also more likely to have mental health concerns and educational problems, during school age years into the teen years. Adults that were abused or neglected as children, may experience problems such as difficulties obtaining and keeping a job, difficulty with intimate relationships and public health concerns. “Neglected children face a multitude of risk factors known to impair normal development, such as poverty, serious care giving deficits, parental psychopathology, substance abuse, homelessness, family breakup and poor prenatal and postnatal care.” (Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002) Infancy through preschool age is a very important part of a child’s life. This is the period of a child’s life when development is crucial. “Parenting during the first months of life is believed to be crucial to cognitive, social and emotional development. Infants who are well cared for by warm, supportive caretakers are more

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