Child Abuse in India

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The desperate conditions affecting the rural as well as the urban poor in India are forcing growing numbers of children to toil often in subhuman conditions. They are deprived of their most basic rights as children, including education and a joyful childhood. Most have never been to school or dropped out at very youngages.despite of the fact that 9% of the world’s children live in India. 42% of India’s total population are aged below eighteen.India is home to almost 19 percent of the world’s children,child protection has remained largely unaddressed. In many cases this lack of protection is subject to CHILD ABUSE.
Child abuse is the physical, psychological or sexual maltreatment of children.Most child abuse happens in a child’s home, with
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The Study complements the UN Secretary General’s Study on Violence against Children, 2006.

The Study aims to develop a comprehensive understanding of child abuse, which will help formulate appropriate policies and programmes meant to effectively end child abuse in India.
Major findings of the Study:
* Every fifth child in the world lives in India
* Every third malnourished child in the world lives in India
* Every second Indian child is underweight.
* Three out of four children in India are anaemic
* Every second new born has reduced learning capacity due to iodine deficiency
* Decline in female/male ratio is maximum in 0-6 years: 927 females per 1000 males
* Birth registration is just 62%
* Retention rate at Primary level is 71.01%
* Girls’ enrolment in schools at primary level is 47.79%
* 1104 lakh child labour in the country (SRO 2000)
* Children born with low birth weight are 46%
* Children under 3 with anemia are 79%
* Immunization coverage is very low
* Boys, as compared to girls, are equally at risk of abuse.
* Persons in trust and authority are major abusers.
* 5-12 year old children are in the high risk category: across the forms of abuse, the percentage of abuse among them is the highest.
* 70% of the children have not reported abuse to anyone.
* Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi almost consistently report high rates of abuse in all forms as compared to other States.
* 2 out of every 3 children have
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