Child Behavior Disorder Research Paper

1920 Words8 Pages
The three behavior disorders that I will be discussing is attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder. To grasp a deeper, understanding of a child behavior disorder one must understand the motivation for such disorder whether its biological or environmental. There are several developmental theories that have different prospective that can be useful in understanding Autism, ADHD and ODD. For example, Pavlov, Skinner, Watson all pioneered the Behavior Model; Skinner’s behavior theory believes that children begin to learn by imitating, then people respond to the child's imitation(operant) by reinforcing the behavior (smiling, saying good job), punishing the behavior (saying no, frowning),…show more content…
I believe that attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder is extremely complex and therefore needs its own category. Half the children in my class have an ADHD diagnoses and all of them show symptoms differently. For instance, the girls in my class that have ADHD usually shut down, have a hard time focusing, and show signs of anxiety, and boredom. On the other hand, my boys are more hyper and display more traditional symptoms of ADHD, such as aggression. Along with dealing with a student’s symptoms of ADHD, teachers have to deal with the side effects of medication of ADHD such as drowsiness and loss of appetite which makes this disorder extremely complexes. There are many different types of treatment options for children with ADHD. In the article “How effective are drug treatments for children with ADHD at improving on-task behavior and academic achievement in the school classroom” A systematic review and meta-analysis” researchers investigate how effective is drug treatments on improving on task behavior. There are several different types of combination of drugs however article focus on the effects of methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, mixed amfetamine salts and atomoxetine. The study included Forty-three studies involving a pooled total of 2,110 participants were identified for inclusion. All in all,…show more content…
It is important for educators to understand the gender differences of autism to effectively understand their students. For example, Autism is diagnosed more in males than females in fact the rate is about 3/1 male to female (Bölte, 2012). The study attempt to understand why autism diagnosed more in males than females and found that gender differences are really understudied and at this time there is not a clear answer, but may be something to do with a male’s Y chromosome and it's a mutation (Bölte, 2012). However, Professor Bolte research focused on Cognitive sex differences in autism spectrum disorder by giving a sample of people with autism cognitive tasks that measure attention to detail and executive functions (planning, being flexible, cognitive control and self-regulation) (Bölte, 2012). They normally show a lower performance on these tasks than the general population, however they perform better on attention to detail (Bölte, 2012). The results were compared to their siblings without autism score Professor Bolte chose to do that because they control, environmental, social and genetic factors when using siblings (Bölte, 2012). The results of the study found some difference, for example, when it came to cognitive flexibility female did better than males, however when it
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