within this assignment I will be talking about the factors which could lead to suspicion of child maltreatment or abuse, different strategies and methods that are used in order to minimise the harm to children, young people and their families where and when the abuse is confirmed. I will also be talking about the responses where child maltreatment or abuse is suspected or confirmed relating to current legislations and policies.
Initially published in 1845 by Dr. Benjamin Spock, The Common Sense Guide to Baby and Child Care revolutionized parenting, and thus, the upbringing of an entire generation and those following. As society changed, new editions of the original handbook emerged to fit the lifestyle of the current population. Dr. Spock wrote seven editions of The Common Sense Guide to Baby and Child Care alongside a prestigious pediatrician, Steven Parker, before his death in 1998. I read the ninth addition of the manual, revised by pediatrician Dr. Robert Needleman, which includes modern-day ideas such as eating disorders in teenagers and applying to college.
Pregnancy and early child development is a fundamental aspect of human society, and is pertinent to the development of a successfully functioning community. The developmental and social progress of any civilization relies on children, as they will compose the future working population. Therefore, a mother or father’s involvement in the child’s development is of extreme importance, which is why family leave has been implemented all over the world. Family leave refers to the period of time granted to the employee to care for their newborn child. As communities evolve economically, financial stability is necessary, for what is perceived to be socially successful for a child’s development, which is why paid family leave is popular throughout the world’s nations. However, ABC News reports that “the U.S. is only one of three countries in the world that don't offer paid maternity leave” (Kim, 2015); the same is true for paternity leave. The United States government has an interesting track record dealing with family leave, but in order to analyze what the US government and advocacy groups have done to solve this issue, there first needs to be an understanding on why this issue is so difficult to resolve. The arguments that support and oppose paid family leave in the United States are equally valid, therefore causing a stalemate in the attempted policy making of legislative bodies.
Observation is very important in young children because that is how you get to know a child better. While observing how a child interacts with their peers, adults, and how they behave in different settings, you are getting to know the child without speaking to them.
The services I have talked about are regulated in different ways. I had a look at the Cambridge Children’s centre and Cambridge counselling service. The professionals I looked at where a social worker and a counsellor. A social worker is regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council. Counselling services are regulated by British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy.
The problem is accentuated by the widening of the gap between rich and poor, that can be translated in this matter as an increase of difficulty for low-income families to have access to the much more expensive high quality day care options. There are several aspects that built such a controversial situation and the most important are certainly the cultural and economical ones. The huge growth in women’s independence and professional ambition, in addition to importance, of the last decades, caused the fall of the cultural basis that have always taken for granted the responsibility of the mother as the full-time caregiver (Chisholm 38). Now women are more willing to gain a successful and respectable place in society, and this can be achieved almost exclusively through hard work and full immersion in their jobs. Simultaneously, the economical situation of our society caused many families to depend on two incomes to satisfy the basic needs. In fact, the increase in the cost of living not sufficiently balanced by a relatively smaller rise in wages, and a greater attitude toward materialism and conspicuous consumption, have given women the same financial responsibility as men (Chilman 451). This aspect can be fully applied only on families with an average income or better, because professional daycare programs are pretty expensive and in some cases can reach prices higher than the minimum wage. Those factors
Equipment- Dress up clothes, pushchairs, doll’s, hair dryer, brushes, rollers, tills, shopping baskets/trolley’s, play food ect……
Krashinsky begins his argument by acknowledging the fact that a clear majority of mothers with young children are working, and the rate at which this is occurring has grown consistently since 1976. This is a direct result of the feminist movement, as a combination of factors such as higher pay, less discrimination, and more schooling, has resulted in young women beginning to view a life in the workplace as normal. As a result of this, many mothers are not going to stop working unless a policy offers them a significant sum, which would undoubtedly cost more than the best childcare program available. Instead of trying to prevent mothers from working, we should encourage them
One of the largest obstacles presented to Working Class families is affordable childcare. Mothers of working class families began “going to work” in large numbers in the early 1970s. Today almost every family needs two working adults, which leaves the question, who will care for the children? The average childcare bill is $1,500 to $2,000 a month (Rubin 1994). In the budget created for the Stratification Assignment the safest and most affordable childcare found was $1,280 a month for a nine month old and eight year old. This was the family’s largest monthly expenditure. In her book, Rubin interviews a woman who said, “We couldn’t pay our bills if we had to pay somebody to take care of the kids”. For many families this means they have to consider an alternative solution, different
The birth of a baby is a very important time in the lives two of parents. During this time all parents should be allowed special bonding time with their babies. Nearly 20 years after the passage of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), it is time to take stock of U.S. policy on parental leave, particularly as it affects infant care and child development (Time off with Baby). The problem with this Leave is that it is unpaid and sometimes parents can’t afford to not work and take care of their family.
Based on the article Caring For our Young, I think the best approach for childcare is how the French have it set up. The French view childcare as an early education system that is used as a preparation for schooling in the future. Although the activities in these childcare centers are said to be fun, they treat the children as pupils in hopes to better them for school. That being said, I don’t think that a more nurturing, playful approach is necessarily a bad approach, but I don’t see it as beneficial to the children as much as when they use the childcare as a preparation for schooling in the future. I think the best thing to do would be a balance between the two. Since these are all very young children, they would not have the focus and mindset
Healthy Child Care America is an organization of pediatricians across the United States that focus on the health, safety, and beginning stages of learning in a child care setting. Families, teachers, and professionals in the healthcare environment all come together to ensure that children are given the essentials needed for school readiness.
Mothers sometimes feel that there is no winning situation, it’s almost like dam if mothers have child care and dammed if they don’t. For single mothers there is just not many options. For single mothers, however, opting out simply isn’t an option. And for poor, unmarried mothers opting out of the workforce can result in bad results. The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) required the head of every family receiving welfare to find work within two years of their start in the program. Mothers of children under age six faced