Child Care For Single Mothers

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Introduction In 2013, according to the U.S Census Bureau, approximately 46% of children in single-mother households were living in poverty and only 11% of children with married parents were living in poverty (Luscombe, 2014). In 1997, the poverty rate among single mothers was 32.6% and for those married couples in was only 5.6%, so as you can see the poverty rate among singe-mothers has increased over the years. Single-mothers are the poorest and fastest growing family type in the United States (London, 2000, p. 93). Recently, attitudes towards single mothers have changed dramatically, and policymakers are being pressed to create reforms that will reduce welfare dependency (Kimmel, 1995, p. 271). Full time work is used as a mean to help poverty reduction among single mothers, but then they face the challenges of child care costs, which is a significant employment barrier. (Kimmel, 1995, p. 271). On average, in 1995, child care costs were about sixty three dollars per week overall, and about forty forty dollars per week if they were cared for by a relative, so for the typical single mother, child care costs would range between 15% and 30% of the mothers earned income, depending on the type of care and hourly wage (Kimmel, 1995, p. 271). Living in poverty with a single mother can have an impact on the children in the household. Children from single mother households face the highest risks of living in poverty and. As of 2009, 18.5% of white children, 25.7% of Hispanic
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