Child Development 0 - 19 Years

3829 WordsMay 20, 201316 Pages
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth – 19 years. 0 – 3 Months Physical development Many babies who are under three months old cry a lot. From birth, a baby's reflexes will allow them to turn their heads and to suckle when you touch their cheek. Their sucking and grasping reflexes will develop. They can flex and extend their fingers, arms and legs. By about 4 weeks their eyes can follow a moving light, although it may only be for a few seconds. By 2-3 months, they can watch and follow a moving face. By 6 weeks their eyes can move together most of the time. When lying on their stomach they will start to lift their heads and chest and support the upper body with their arms. By 2 months, they…show more content…
They will express themselves and communicate more with their face and body. Baby will be drawn to their own image in the mirror. Might start to learn how to comfort themselves. Baby will respond to other people's expressions of emotion. Between 6 – 9 months babies might develop what is called “stranger anxiety”. This period is not permanent, and usually fades over time. They will seek attention and show strong feelings about likes and dislikes. Baby begins to recognize and identify their own feelings and that they are different, they will also begin to realize that they are a separate person. By the end of year 1 baby might still appear shy or anxious with strangers and may cry when the caregiver leaves. They enjoy imitation and will repeat sounds or gestures, engage you in a conversation and copy simple hand games like 'clap hands' or 'bye bye'. Show specific preferences for certain people and toys. They test parental responses to their behaviour. Baby will enjoy finger-feeding themselves. They will start to extend arm or leg to help when being dressed. Peek-a-boo' and 'hiding' are favourite games because they play out in a simple way the comings and goings of people that baby has come to recognize and depend upon. 1 – 2 Years Physical Development Baby will walk without assistance, and might even
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