Child Health

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This assignment will discuss and critically analyse maternal welfare, observing the effects of alcohol on the growing fetus. Firstly, the issue will be to identify ways in which consumption of alcohol affects pre and postnatal conception. Barnes and Bradley (1990) assert consumption of alcohol during pregnancy may have serious consequences for the fetus. Furthermore, the importance of current health initiatives relating to fetal alcohol syndrome will be addressed, including preventable measures. In addition, throughout the assignment, one will abbreviate Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effects to FAS/E

Barnes and Bradley (1990) emphasise alcohol travels through the blood stream to affect the sperm, egg and fetus. Professor Kaufman 1988 (in
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Subsequently, substance abuse can be both biological and social. Furthermore, in pregnancy it has been linked to cognitive and interactional difficulties, more severe problem such as small head size low birth weight (Goswami, 2000). This in turn could bring about long-term effects of drug misuse on family social circumstances the parents ability to care for the child.

Babies of women who are heavily dependent on alcohol can suffer withdrawal after birth. The symptoms can include tremors, irritability, fits and bloated abdomen. Similarly, Zieman (2004) evokes that the effects of FAS/FAE last throughout life. A baby with FAS/FAE may be irritable, nervous, and very sensitive to sound and light, the child may cry often. Furthermore, Mitchell and Brown (1991) state that it is imperative to have quality of life as a structure within early childhood services relates to recognition that the nature of environment can considerably increase or decrease the problems associated with young children. Additionally, Curtis and O’Hagan, (2003) suggest the problems change as the child grows up these can lead to aggressive behaviour, depression, psychosis, and substance abuse that commonly begin in their teenage years.

Nevertheless, Steele and Josephs 1990 (in Stroebe, 2000, p.111) assert consumption of alcohol decreases cognitive ability and thereby limits the amount of information to which one can concentrate. Similarly, Goswami
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