Child Labour and its Effects on Children and Their Families

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For the purpose of this essay, Britain will be concentrated on to discover the historical approach to child labour along with compulsory schooling, plus the effects this had on the lives of children and their families. The last two hundred years from the 1800’s to 2000 are explored to recognize the issues surrounding prolonging childhood in mainly Britain. It was here child labour was initially recognised in factories, mills and mines in the early nineteenth century. This essay will demonstrate the various changes during this period, and the differences between the working class and upper class childhoods and the differences between the childhoods of two hundred years ago, and that of today. As a result, this essay will describe the…show more content…
Further more, the cost of child labour was less to the manufacturer, than an adult would be, never mind the fact that the children suffered sleep deprivation, pollution from the mines and factories, their health was at risk from disease and lack of nutrition, the risk of distorted limbs and their physical plus moral well beings were becoming damaged. The children may be providing for their family, but it seems at the cost of their childhood having been shortened. They worked for people they did not know and away from the protection of their parents in regards to managers only interested in their own successful industries, not the children’s welfare. A Census was carried out in 1851 where England and Wales were examined by historians to determine what girls and boys did between the age of ten and fourteen in terms of labour (Cunningham 2003). This highlighted that the girls carried out more domestic duties such as servants and working in the cotton factories, whereas boys had more manual work like agricultural labour and coal mining. The number of girls employed at this age, is less than the boys, however, the census relies on information given to them and it is likely that some information about girls carrying domestic duties out at home would not have been disclosed, along with other part time and occasional work, therefore, creating an unreliable source of recordings. Reforms were introduced by the Government in the middle of the
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