Child Malnutrition

1718 Words Apr 7th, 2006 7 Pages
Introduction

Malnutrition is the cause of more than half of all child deaths worldwide. Malnourished children have lowered resistance to infection; they are more likely to die from common childhood ailments such as diarrhoeal diseases and respiratory infections. Although the share of children who are malnourished has gradually been declining over the past 25 years, the actual number of malnourished children is still rising in many underdeveloped and developing countries. For example, in 1995,167 million children under the age of five years, nearly one-third of all children in developing countries were either underweight or stunted. Malnutrition causes a great deal of physical and emotional suffering and it is a violation of a child's
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With respect to status, a lower status of women relative to men restricts women's opportunities and freedoms, thereby providing them with less interaction with others and less opportunity for independent behavior. With a lack of social interaction, women will develop poor physical and mental health, which will ultimately affect the quality of care she provides to her children after they are born.

National Food Availability and Health Environment Quality

Food security is achieved when a person has access to enough food to lead an active and healthy life; therefore it is thus a prime determinant of a child's nutritional status. In order to easily understand and evaluate the concept of food security, we can examine a main determinant of food security, a nation's food availability. Food availability is measured as per capita dietary energy supply. As shown in Appendix A, it has been a very important factor in reducing child malnutrition rates in the past, particularly from 1970-1995. It is important to note that the impact of food availability highly depends on food supplies per person. For example, in countries with very low food supplies, such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, national food availability is just as important as improving women's education. On the other hand, in countries where food supplies are relatively high, such as many