Child Mortality : An Important Indicator Of The Health Of A Nation

2283 WordsNov 22, 201610 Pages
Life expectancy is a summary of people’s health conditions, but it is also a dimension of individual welfare, independent of income, and easier to evaluate than other non-income dimensions such as safety, freedom, or access to justice or education (Bourguignon & Morrisson, 2002). Mortality is an important indicator of the health of a nation, particularly infant mortality which is associated with a variety of factors such as maternal health, quality and access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health practices (MacDorman & Matthews, 2009). This study will use Canadian data to compare life expectancy in 1881, 1901, 1921, and 1941. It will also examine infant mortality, maternal mortality, and age-specific death rates by leading causes of death in the year 1921. The data for this study comes from Départment de démographie, Université de Montréal (2014) Collection of Canadian Life Tables, 1801-2011; and Canada Dominion Bureau of Statistics (1923) Vital Statistics 1921: First Annual Report. Life Expectancy The United Nations Development Programme (2013) defines life expectancy as “[the] number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life” (para. 1). Referring to Figures 1 and 2, life expectancy increased for both males and females in the researched years of 1881, 1901, 1921, and 1941. Life expectancy at birth increased by 27 years from
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