Child Observation Paper

1083 Words Feb 16th, 2011 5 Pages
Child Observation Paper After observing a nine month old child for this Child Observation paper, the author of this paper has taken copious notes during the session. The purpose of this paper is recognizing the biological, cognitive and psychosocial development of the child. The author of this paper identified the background history of the child, the observation made and the development process of the child.
The child chosen for this child observation paper is a nine month old male, who appears to a healthy normal child. His mother is Caucasian and father is half Caucasian and half Hispanic. Mother and father are together however, are not married. He lives in the home with grandmother, mother, father, aunt, uncle a older
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CHILDS BIOLOGICAL, COGNITIVE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Each of the observations above is part of the child’s biological, cognitive and psychosocial development. Learning to crawl is a classic example of cognitive learning. The child learned how to crawl from his parents working with him. The parents would lay him on his stomach place a toy in front of him and make him reach for it. This is could be considered classical conditioning. The child wants the toy and he first gets it by reaching for it; he reaches for it, grabs and then he has it. Next the toy is placed out of his reach. He reaches and can’t get it, so he scoots to reach it. This process teaches him to crawl.
Another example of behaviorism learning is learning to understand the word no. Child A reaches for something he is not supposed to have, the parent states no in a stern voice and gives a smack on his hand. After a couple of times reaching and hearing the word no followed with a smack on the hand, child A associates the word no with pain, he then learns that no means stop what he’s doing otherwise pain will be inflicted, this is operant conditioning.
“John B. Watson conditioned an 11-month-old infant to fear furry animals by showing the baby, who was easily frightened by noises, a white rat and simultaneously making a loud noise” (Parke & Gauvain, 2009, p. Ch. 1). This can be compared to the process of nap taking for the child. When the child is tired his grandmother sings him to sleep. He

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