Child Sex Offenders Are Individuals Who Sexually Offend Against Children

2001 Words May 3rd, 2016 9 Pages
Child sex offenders are individuals who sexually offend against children. Child sexual offending encompasses a wide array of sexual misconduct against children and include behaviours such as touching of the genitals, forced masturbation, penetration with a finger or foreign object, oral-genital contact, and vaginal/anal penetration (Gee, 1997). A frequently cited definition is that of Schechter and Roberge (1976 cited in Gee, 1997) in that the involvement of dependent, developmentally immature children and adolescents in sexual activities which they do not fully comprehend, are unable to give consent to, and that violate social taboos of family roles. Child sexual offending is a major problem in New Zealand with 13% of the prison population being child sex offenders (Department of Corrections) as well as only 6% of cases being reported (Gee, 1997). Although reoffending rates are lower than other groups of offenders, recidivism still remains a concern with studies indicating rates of 13% after five years, 18% after 10 years, and 23% after 15 years (Lambie & Stewart, 2012). Throughout this essay I will be discussing the punishment, treatment and attitudes towards child sex offenders in New Zealand. I will discuss what factors are taken into account when sentencing an offender, the punishments an offender can receive, and what conditions are imposed on offenders once they are released. I will then discuss and evaluate the Kia Marama programmes, the Good Lives Model, and…
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