Child Sexual Exploitation : Children And Young People

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All children and young people are potentially at risk of being sexually exploited. Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a form of child sexual abuse where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator (New England definition 2017). The Education system via schools, youth services, parental advice have a vital role to play in reducing the risk by enabling children and young people to explore what makes a safe and healthy relationship. Youth work professionals can help young people…show more content…
One study found that over half of children with access the internet on a weekly basis have been exposed to online pornography and almost a third receive unwanted sexual comments via email, chat, instant message or text. (Livingstone, s and Bober M 2004). There is no one way that CSE is perpetrated (CEOP, 2011; Berelowitz et al. 2013). Grooming is common in some forms of CSE, but it is not always present (Beckett, 2011; Melrose, 2013). Online and offline exploitation can overlap (Fox and Kalkan, 2016). Although CSE can presented itself in different forms youth workers and educators should be clear that CSE is abuse and in whatever form it presents itself , it still is child abuse. One thing that is clear, definitions of CSE emphasises exchange and power imbalance. It is explicit about the power the perpetrator has over the young person or persons they are exploiting, either through forceful acts or through persuasive techniques that might convince a young person they are making a ‘choice’, it is therefore important that practitioners use language that reiterates the need to look beyond apparent consent, especially as young people may describe exploitative relationships as consensual or withdraw claims as a result of coercion (Green et al, 2014). Some young people may be more vulnerable than others and a range of indicators have been highlighted to which
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